Disability

Historical background about the program

Since the establishment of the organization in 1960 and the organization pays great interest for the issues of persons with disabilities out of its work message. Therefore, the organization is seeking to improve the quality of life for the persons with disabilities and enable them to participate in various life activities

The beginning of the program in the organization

The Coptic Evangelical Organization for Social Services began working on the rehabilitation of persons with Disabilities programs at the beginning of the sixties and during the time period from 1960 to 1975 and the organization’s work were heavily influenced by the perspective of the Egyptian society and the Universal society also for the persons with disabilities which was dominated by the medical character, that saw the concept of disability as a medical defect in one of the functions of the body leading to disabilities, so the organization focused its interventions during this time period on the medical rehabilitation programs which was intended to provide detection services for disability and medical intervention either by drug therapy, physiotherapy, surgical or prosthetic devices. Although the organization and other civil society organizations efforts during this era, but the improvement in the situations and the conditions of persons with disabilities was limited and persons with disabilities and their families remained suffering from marginalization.

The development of work strategies and mechanisms in the program

Despite the strong medical rehabilitation efforts that were undertaken by the organization during the time period from 1960 to 1975 but the persons with disabilities were suffering from many other problems associated with dealing with the community, and during the time period from 1676 to 1992 the organization started to establish institutional based rehabilitation (IBR) programs through the establishment of 4 rehabilitation centers which was concerned with the reception of cases of disability and the development of an individual intervention plan for each case it consists of many Axes, including medical rehabilitation and social rehabilitation and working with the family and training of cadres and the organization has already succeeded through this time period to provide specialized rehabilitation services but there were a lot of challenges that faced the work the most important are

  • Working with the institutional rehabilitation strategy away from the community which was negatively effects on the consolidation of the isolation of persons with disabilities from society which affects their integration in the society
  • The ability of rehabilitation centers to receive and interfere with cases of persons with disabilities was weak by the huge numbers of persons with disabilities which need specialized rehabilitation services within the work societies
  • The role of community and the concerned government institutions had marked a decline towards persons with disability issues and began to depend strongly on the role of the civil associations

And with the emergence of the strategy of the community based rehabilitation (CBR) in Egypt during the early nineties the organization has developed from its intervention strategy with the issues of disability from institutional based rehabilitation to community based rehabilitation and during the time period from 1993: 2004 the organization worked on embedding the disability issues within the community development system through the training of local cadres within the work communities this along with the creation of conversion systems for the disabled obtain rehabilitation services within the community but this strategy view was that the problem of disability is inside the persons with disabilities themselves and that the community is working on their rehabilitation in accordance with the possibilities available to it, which caused wasting their rights like many other citizens within the community and increased their marginalization and exclusion.

And with the emergence of the human rights approach in development, which coincided with the emergence of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which was signed and ratified by Egypt in 2008. The organization began during the time period from 2005: 2012 to develop its work with the issues of persons with disabilities to work with the human rights approach in the disability issues at the local level (RBA) Which addressed the issue of disability as a human rights issue and consider persons with disabilities as human beings situated to discrimination and exclusion and consider disability as it is “disorder \ shortage in the human ability to do usual activities of life, and result from the dynamic interaction between personal factors (defect – a lack of efficiency) and environmental factors (barriers – obstacles), And it is a dynamic process varies depending on the context and the environment rather than a static state does not change. “

And from the fundamental principles underlying this approach to work are the principles of participation of persons with disabilities and transferring with them from just a recipients of services to the bearers of rights, through this period of time the organization has succeeded in building many local human rights models that had enabled persons with disabilities on the local level to obtain a lot of rights but there was a gap in working at the general policy level which plays a big role in obtaining the persons with disabilities of their rights, so starting from 2013, the organization developed a human rights work model with the issues of persons with disabilities to be integrated model that works on the domestic issues and the national policies and learning and networking with the movement of Arab disabilities This model works in three levels:

  • Local level
  • National level
  • Regional level in the Arab world

And here the body is trying to continue to build models of human rights at the local level to exercise the human rights applications on the local level with the issues of persons with disabilities in parallel with working to improve the public policy associated with the issues of disability and this through the formation of community based disability movement from the organizations of persons with disabilities which are “Egyptian forum of persons with disabilities” which in turn works in issues of improvement and development of public policies such as the constitution, laws and the state strategies towards the disability issues, this along with learning and Arab knowledge exchange with the other disabilities movements with the aim of promoting the movement of Arab disabilities

The most important successes of the program

  • In the framework of supporting specialized rehabilitation services for persons with disabilities the organization has succeeded in setting up a community based rehabilitation program CBR in the number of 80 local community in the governorates of Minia, Beni Suef, Cairo, and Qaliubiya and the number of regulars to it reached nearly 16,000 person with disabilities and their families to obtain the rehabilitation services
  • By the aim of achieving the principle of participation of persons with disabilities as one of the mechanisms of the rights approach the organization succeeded in creating a number of 65 elected committee from the persons with disabilities represent a broad base of persons with disabilities within their local communities which plays a major role in advocacy for the rights of persons with disabilities within their local communities. And the number of 7 committees of them applied to publicize these committees as associations of persons with disabilities and already a number of 3 of associations obtained the publicity as disabilities persons organization DPOs, where the first association of persons with disability was publicized in Egypt is the elected committee in Malawi which was published as an association for persons with disabilities by the name of Intlaqa association  in 2006
  • After the signing and ratification by Egypt on the International convention on the rights of persons with disabilities in 2008, the organization played a prominent role in raising the awareness and deployment of this Convention process where the organization has produced a simplified version of the convention this is besides making it available in Braille and Sign language to be available for the deaf and blind and this version has been prepared during a participatory workshop between a group of persons with disabilities themselves and a group of consultants and painters and this tool is considered unique in Egyptian society
  • Based on the organization’s attention to the issue of the integration of persons with disabilities in the formal education the organization has succeeded in providing a replicable model in integrating children with disabilities in the formal education this in partnership with Nile Mallawi Center for Media and the Education Management through activating the decision of the Minister of Education No. 94 for the year 2009 regarding the admission of children with minor disabilities in the formal education schools and this through making a study about the situations of the integration of children with disabilities in education and identify and monitor the gaps for the application of the integration strategy and based upon that a committee was formed to follow up the implementation process of the integration of the education which has done its part in working to close the gaps that impede the integration of children with disabilities in the formal education whether these gaps are related to the training or qualification of teachers Or related to the development of educational resource rooms or related to the rehabilitation of children with disabilities and their families or related to the admissions procedures and already over the course of four years, the organization has succeeded in the development of an integration model of education in Malawi
  • After the issuance of the decision of the President of the Council of Ministers No. 410 for the year 2012 a on the formation of the National Council of Disability, and while choosing the board committees in the governorates most of the members of the governorates committees of the board were chosen from the elected members of the committees within the communities of the organization work, which reflects the impact of the empowerment that carried out by the organization projects in supporting these cadres in order to be eligible to carry out such roles
  • And after the January 25 revolution the organization focused on improving the political participation of persons with disabilities and in this context, the organization issued a booklet to raise the awareness of the importance of the political participation of persons with disabilities entitled “Why not”
  • And after the revolution of June 30 and working to amend the Constitution, the organization played a prominent and important role in supporting the participation of persons with disabilities in writing a Constitution expresses their rights set forth in the international conventions signed by Egypt, in this context, the organization has carried out a series of workshops to raise the awareness of the importance of participating in writing the Constitution with explaining the difference between the Constitution and laws, followed by the implementation of a number 3 hearings sessions between representatives of persons with disability in the local communities and the member of the fifty committee Dr. Hossam El Massah And during these sessions the representatives of persons with disabilities presented their opinions on the Constitution and the organization carried out a media conference attended by 100 of persons with disabilities in the presence of the member of the Committee of the fifty and during this conference the persons with disabilities expressed that the text of article 81 concerning the rights of persons with disabilities in the Constitution is not expressive about their rights and they presented a revised text of it, and they issued a press statement expressing their vision of this text and presented the proposed text as this statement was signed from 84 organizations working in the disability issues and the fifty committee has already responded to the statement and amended the text of article 81 to be the same as the formation proposed by the disability movement in Egypt representatives, Which is considered strong success on the importance of effective participation for persons with disabilities in writing the a constitution that expresses their rights
  • And on the sidelines of one of the media campaigns related to the Constitution an invitation has been extending on air by the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers for meeting with representatives of persons with disabilities with the Prime Minister To study the their problems that are far from the Constitution and already set a date for the meeting to be Saturday, November 2, 2013 and the meeting was done with members of the Egyptian Forum on Friday, November 1, 2013 at the organization’s Nozha office to choose the delegation, which will meet the Prime Minister and the debate axes and it was agreed that the delegation will be 11 individual(A representative of Evangelical Organization, the number of 9 with disabilities and sign language interpreter) and it was agreed that the axes of the debate are(general problems of each disability separately, the absence of a national disability strategy in Egypt, some dissatisfaction from the persons with disabilities about the formation of the National Council of Disability and it does not represent them), and already the session was done on Saturday, November 2nd, but with the presence of the Secretary General of the Council of Ministers Major General / Amr Abdel Moneim and the meeting took 6 hours from 1:00 p.m. and until 7:00 p.m. and some quick decisions concerning some of the problems persons with disabilities were taken in dealing with the judiciary, banks, and other problems associated to the universities. As for the National Council for persons with disabilities the secretary general has received all the points of view along with a proposal submitted from the persons with disabilities regarding the restructuring of the National Council for Persons with Disabilities and he promised that he would study the subject and it will be presented to the Prime Minister, and this is considered a strong success because the biggest institution in the country recognize at this time the community movement of the persons with disabilities and its ability to influence even if it were in an informal entity, but it rather draws its own official by the community
  • In the framework of the organization’s attention to raise the community awareness of the correct concepts related to the disability which plays an important role in shaping the general attitudes toward the community dealing with disability issues, The organization has issued in 2014 a training guide about the correct concept of disability which is being used as an important tool in changing negative concepts about the disability within the community
  • The organization plays a prominent role in supporting the Arab disability movement and its advancement Through participating in the establishment of the Arab Office of the International Organization for Persons with Disabilities DPI Which was established in December 2013 and based in Beirut, thus enhancing the work on the issues at the regional level beside the knowledge exchange and the information related to the disability issues in the Arab world

The General objectives

  • Enable persons with disabilities and their families from participating effectively in the community and advocate for obtaining their rights.
  • The integration of persons with disabilities in the community and working to eliminate all the forms of discrimination against them

Strategies

  • The participation mechanisms
  • Capacity Building
  • Advocacy
  • Removing barriers
  • The provision of specialized services and support programs
  • Integration and annexation to the general path

Results / outputs

  • Participation mechanisms
    • Elected committees of persons with disabilities
    • Organizations of persons with disabilities “DPOs” was published
    • Networks, unions, forums of disability issues are formed or subscribed to it
  • Capacity building
    • Persons with disabilities was raised their awareness of human rights
    • Elected committees of persons with disabilities able to claim and coordinate in order to obtain persons with disabilities to their rights
    • Government institutions respects, protect and ensure access of the persons with disabilities to their rights
    • Institutions of civil society (civil associations, universities, research centers) supports the rights of persons with disabilities
    • Media organizations in solidarity with the rights of persons with disabilities
  • Advocacy
    • Decisions or regulations or laws have been issued
    • Decisions or regulations or laws have been activated
    • Practices and misconceptions impede access of persons with disabilities to their rights have been changed
  • Removing barriers
    • Houses and public institutions have been enabled the environmental engineering in it
    • Systems and information regarding the rights of persons with disabilities are available to persons with disabilities
    • The deployment of the correct concept of disability
  • The provision of specialized services and support programs
    • Community based rehabilitation programs CBR and early intervention was established within the rehabilitation offices or civil associations
    • Prosthetic devices and support tools (sophisticated computer programs, smart phones, etc ..) are provided for persons with disabilities
    • Specialized cadres in disability programs have been rehabilitated from government institutions or civil associations
  • Integration and annexation to the general path
    • Protocols and contractual partnerships have been signed about disability issues
    • Conversion systems and appending to the general path has been prepared
    • Persons with disabilities have received their rights (health, education, livelihood, social component, political participation)

Stakeholders

  • The Rights owners:
    • The persons with disabilities
    • The families of persons with disabilities
    • Disabled Persons Organizations DPOs
  • Their roles:
    • Awareness of rights and their issues and correct concepts related to disability
    • Community organization mechanisms to achieve the maximum the types of participation in obtaining their rights
    • Empowerment to demand and advocate to obtain their rights
  • Responsibility owners:
    • Governmental institutions
    • Governmental specialized rehabilitation centers
    • Legislative authorities in
    • Private sector
  • Their roles:
    • Proper awareness of the concepts of disability and their rights
    • It protects the rights of persons with disabilities from the violation
    • It is committed to access for persons with disabilities to their rights enshrined in the international conventions and local laws
  • The supporting parties:
    • The media
    • The civil Associations
    • The research centers and universities
  • Their roles:
    • Raising the awareness of health concepts and the rights of persons with disabilities
    • Supporting capacity building process
    • Facilitate the dialogue process between the rights owners and the responsibility owners
    • Adopting the rights defending of the persons with disabilities

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